CITES in Relation to Cats

Cheetah asleep

photo by darkman_visions

CITES in relation to cats — Contents

July 2012: Wild Cats are generally listed in Appendix II except for those listed below. The complication is that some of the cats listed in Appendix I have qualifications attached to them, meaning that the classification only applies to a cat of the species that lives at a certain location.

The wild cats protected? by CITES

Below is the list from Appendix I – see below for the meaning.

Acinonyx jubatus – The Cheetah ” (Annual export quotas for live specimens and hunting trophies are granted as follows: Botswana: 5; Namibia: 150; Zimbabwe: 50. The trade in such specimens is subject to the provisions of Article III of the Convention)” – quote from CITES
Caracal caracal  – The Caracal, Persian Lynx or African Lynx (Only the population of Asia; all other populations are included in Appendix II) – quote from CITES
Catopuma temminckii – The Asian Golden Cat
Felis nigripes –  The black-footed cat
Leopardus geoffroyi Geoffroy’s Cat
Leopardus jacobitus – The Andean Mountain Cat
Leopardus pardalis –  The Ocelot
Leopardus tigrinus The Oncilla
Leopardus wiedii –  The Margay
Lynx pardinus –  The Iberian Lynx
Neofelis nebulosa –  The Clouded Leopard
Panthera leo persica –  The Asiatic Lion
Panthera onca – The Jaguar
Panthera pardus –   The leopard
Panthera pardus orientalis – Amur Leopard
Panthera tigris –  The Tiger
Pardofelis marmorata –  The Marbled Cat
Prionailurus bengalensis bengalensis–  The Leopard Cat (Only the populations of Bangladesh, India and Thailand; all other populations are included in Appendix II)
Prionailurus planiceps –  The Flat-headed Cat
Prionailurus rubiginosus The Rusty-spotted Cat (Only the population of India; all other populations are included in Appendix II)
Puma concolor coryi –  Florida Panther
Puma concolor costaricensis –  The Costa Rica Cougar
Puma concolor couguar –  The Cougar
Puma yagouaroundi – Jaguarundi – (Only the populations of Central and North America; all other populations are included in Appendix II)
Uncia Uncia or Panthera Uncia – Snow Leopard

Appendix I most endangered – CITES in relation to cats

As stated, this is a list from Appendix I of CITES. What does that mean? Appendix I lists the species that are the most endangered amongst the CITES listed animals and plants. All the wildcat species that are listed by CITES are most endangered except, as mentioned, in the table above (see Rusted Spotted Cat, Leopard Cat and Caracal, which are appendix II listed when these cats inhabit certain areas as mentioned in the table above). Appendix II lists species that are not “necessarily now threatened with extinction” but careful control of trade is required to prevent the species being listed in appendix I.

The cats listed above are threatened with extinction. Under CITES in relation to cats, international trade is prohibited with respect to the above listed wildcats.

There is an exception. Import/export is permitted when the purpose is non-commercial. This would seem to leave the door very firmly open, unfortunately. If import/export is to take place under this exception an import and export permit must be granted (not sure how good that is).

Article III of CITES sets out the trade regulations is relation to the above wild cats. In brief, the import, export or re-import of any of the above cats can only take place provided a permit has been granted after

  1. a “Scientific Authority” of the State concerned (country concerned) has advised that the import/export/re-import is not detrimental to the cat’s survival
  2. a “Management Authority” of the country concerned is satisfied that the wild cat was not obtained in contravention of the laws of the country concerned and that a living wild cat is shipped in way that minimizes risk of injury, damage to health or cruel treatment and further that the import/export/re-import permit has been obtained.

{note: this is not a verbatim recital, it is a summary. Please see full text if action is to be taken}

The Parties to the Convention – CITES in relation to cats

State

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi

Malaysia

Mali
Malta
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain

Sri Lanka

Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

The CITES in relation to cats to Cats and the Law

Photograph: published under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs creative commons License

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