Cat Coats: The Van Pattern

Syrian Van patterned street catSyrian Van patterned street cat

Syrian Van patterned street cat. This photo comes from He has allowed publication for non-commercial use. PoC is charitable.

The Van pattern is named after Lake Van in eastern Turkey and not after the commercial vehicle in Great Britain. It is a very particular coat pattern.

The Cat Fanciers’ Association breed standard for the Turkish Van defines what the Van pattern is. The cat’s body should be chalk white (due to the presence of the piebald gene – also called the white spotting gene) with an inverted V pattern around the ears and forehead and a coloured tail. The colours for the inverted V pattern and the tail are red (orange) black, blue (dilute black), cream (dilute red?). The colours can be solid or tabby. The association allows some dark spots on the chalk white body but prefer an all-white, clean looking body.

It is the coat that adorns the Turkish Van cat according to the largest cat association in the world. The Van pattern is what distinguishes the Turkish Van from other cat breeds.

However, it is an artificial breed standard. It is a Western creation probably born out of the fact (is it fact?) that the first Van cats to make it to the West had these coat patterns.

However, in Turkey, the Turkish Van is said to the same cat as the Turkish Angora and you will see these cats in a wide range of colours and coat types. You will see the Van pattern but it is not the only coat type. Perhaps the Turkish people prefer predominantly white cats but that is not the only colour.

Whenever, I see pictures of street cats, also called community cats or feral cats, in the area I have selected in the map(s) below (I have added a second map), I often see the Van pattern. The location of the origin of the Van pattern does seem to be centered around eastern Turkey but it spreads out substantially over many of the countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea especially to the east and south.

That is my impression. It is not based on science and neither does the information come out of a book or website. It is simply what seems to be the case to me. I am happy to be corrected. Note: the pattern is not limited to this area. It just seems to be more common in this area.

I don’t think you will find any text or maps about where you are most likely to see Van patterned cats, namely: to eastern and southern Mediterranean – i.e. North Africa. This poor map, below, that I have made indicates where I believe you are most likely to see the Van pattern.

Area where the Van Pattern is most seen

Area where the Van Pattern is most seen – inside the red line.

Associated: Mediterranean Cats and The Cats of Morocco.

Updated, different or better map:

Van cat coat pattern commonly seen in this area

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Cat Coats: The Van Pattern — 24 Comments

  1. Hi Michael,

    I will try to pay attention to cats when I go out now. I think that’s how cats look here. To be honest I’ve been here for so long that I don’t remember how street cats looked in my home country. I thought they were the same.

    Maybe I can even manage to make a few photos of local street cats for you. I am not great at taking pictures though 🙂

  2. As you say Michael. No reliable scientific survey is available to reliably inform us of the distribution of the Van pattern in domestic type cats. I think your map goes too far to the southeast which is the Negev and Sinai desert area where the human population needed to support cats is very sparse. Much of Egypt is also desert, populations being concentrated along the Nile and it’s delta. Thise desert areas are home to the F s Margarita, F s Girdoni, and F s Tristami. Ut is possible that the van pattern also appears on many Mediterranean island to the west and along North African shores. Here is a perfectly good Van-pattered cat in Malta. I believe there are also a lot in China possibly as a result of the silk trade route. In all cases the source does seem to be the Eastern Mediterranean/Anatolia.

  3. Here is a picture of my daughter’s cat Skinner. She has a predominantly white body with calico markings on tail, head, and a couple of patches on her back. You can see the Van pattern on the head, but one side is covered with an eye patch. Her coat feels like rabbit’s fur, incredibly soft and plush. Somebody had dumped her in a nearby orange grove along with her kittens. When we walked by she attacked our dogs–a great dane mix and a collie mix. When I told this to my daughter, she went back and got her and the kits (Fox and Dana). Skinner ruled the roost in a multi-cat household, getting along with both cats and dogs. When my daughter moved out on her own, she took Skinner, who is now 16. She enjoys her retirement as an only cat with a small backyard, patio, rose bushes, and many hours of bird watching (and occasionally catching).

  4. Nice story of cat rescue, Robyn. Skinner certainly has the Van pattern and she is a calico cat as well – tortoiseshell and white. As you you know they are nearly always female.

    She probably has ancestors that come from the Mediterranean.

  5. Hi Michael. The photo of the 2 guys and the Van-pattered cat was taken in Malta not N Cyprus. It was to show you than the Van pattern is found in the Mediterranean a long way to the the west of Turkey too.

  6. Dear Michael!

    The ”Van pattern” is a simple variation of the white spotting gene is an old colour mutation that should be seen in ALL random bred cat populations. I don’t know why you think it’s the most common in Eastern Mediterranean cats, it’s common, but most common? We don’t know. On the other hand, like most of simple color mutations, it could have been originated here.

    I am so sorry we had no time to prepare the article how cat fancy made two breeds – Angora and Van out of one Anatolian moggie. I have to share with you our new article about the Turkish Van: and the older one about the Angora cats:

    If you have some time I would be more than pleased if you in your own words would write about this topic. We were unable to prepare our writing for your website. I am sorry! Too much work, not enough time! 🙁

    • I forget what wrote and haven’t time to re-read it but I sense that the Van-type pattern or variations on it is the most common but as you say we don’t know because no one is counting 😉

      Don’t worry about the article. I won’t do it as well you but I’ll see if I can do the article and then if you have time please comment.

  7. Hi…just happen to stumble onto this and I think my one cat could be considered a Van patterned cat. She is all white as well, and head and tail are calico.

    • Yes, she has a Van pattern. She has genes that come from the Middle East or the Mediterranean. It is quite normal. She may have some Turkish Van in her or just Turkish random cat genes.

      There was a lot of cat movements over the thousands of years since domestication and cats from the Mediterranean arrived in America. That is what I say.

      Thanks for visiting Kelly and showing us your Van type cat. Happy Christmas.

      • Thanks for the quick reply! She came to us at 1 day old, had to bottle feed her and she’s still going strong after 8 years! Merry Christmas to you as well!

  8. Hello. I have owned two cats, both your “average” Domestic Short Hairs, that have had the van pattern. One was a female with calico coloring and my other one is a male, Mojo, with black patches. His skullcap is split by a white streak.

    • A beautiful Van pattern. Very Mediterranean in appearance. There’ll be some genes there which came all the way from Turkey!

    • The Van Pattern is perfect. She could almost be purebred. She is perfect. Thanks for sharing Mus. Where do you live? You are going to tell me that you live in Turkey!

  9. We have just rescued a pretty Van Pattern from where she was dumped at a golf course. Her eyes are interesting. Her left eye is lime green, while her right eye is sky blue. Her tail is blue (dilute black.) We named her Ellie. Most affectionate, loving cat we’ve ever had!

    • OMG – she is classic Turkish Van as if she has been picked off the streets of a dusty town in the Van district of Turkey and she is beautiful. She has odd eyes because of the gene that creates the white fur. Blue eyes are without pigment as is the white fur. Thanks for showing us.

      • I’m so happy with her! I love her. She is the sweetest, most loving cat we’ve ever had! She’s even taken well to our 2 dogs, Cavalier King Charles. They’re all buddy’s. She tries to be friends with our senior Calico cat, but the Calico isn’t warming up to her at all. She tolerates her, but won’t let her close. I love sharing pics of her, she’s so different!

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