Categories: Wild Cat Species

IUCN Red List for Cats plus trends and population sizes

2011 (the date is mentioned as this is a developing area of science). Students should be aware that accurate assessment of wild cat population sizes are notoriously vague and sometimes misleading or nonexistent despite the best efforts of all involved. On that basis assessing the threat of extinction of a species of wild cat is going to be just that, an assessment. It could in fact be argued that on occasion there is political motivation to hype up numbers. This arguably happened in respect of the tiger.

The best techniques for counting numbers, scats and camera traps, are not always accurate. In addition taxonomy (classification of species) is still an evolving subject that can cause a bit of confusion. The chart below has been carefully compiled from two excellent sources (a) Wild Cats Of The World by Mel and Fiona Sunquist pages 411 and 412 ISBN-13: 978-0-226-77999-7 and (b) the online IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™.Below the main chart you will find further information in relation to the IUCN Red List for cats. This is earlier work from 2008 that adds and sometimes overlaps but is presented here nonetheless. Is the IUCN independent?

Clouded leopard
IUCN Red List for cats,
Vulnerable – photo by The Brit_2
IUCN Red List for Cats – Contents

Introduction – IUCN Red List for cats

The situation regarding the IUCN Red List for cats (the source below is the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™) is set out in the table below and is the situation as at the date(s) in the heading to the table. Things change (usually for the worse). I will try and keep up.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is an organization that assesses the situation of wild species, worldwide, in respect of their survivability in the wild and the threat of their extinction. This should promote their conservation, but I reluctantly question whether it does.

The World Conservation Union (IUCN) Red List categories are set out in their well known scale or chart:

IUCN Red List for Cats — The symbols mean the following:
Symbol Meaning
EX Extinct
EW Extinct in the Wild
CR Critically Endangered
EN Endangered
VU Vulnerable
NT Near Threatened
LC Least Concern

The wild cats – as at Oct 2008 – things change – IUCN Red List for cats

These are the world’s wildcat species (some sub-species are shown) and the IUCN category assigned to them. There is also a column CITES showing whether the cat is listed under Appendix I – most endangered. See CITES in relation to cats. = New Window.

Cat Latin (scientific) Name IUCN RL cat CITES Appen.I
African Golden Cat Caracal aurata, formerly Profelis aurata NT yes
Amur Leopard Panthera pardus orientalis CR
Andean Cat Oreailurus jacobita EN yes
Asian golden Cat Catopuma temminckii NT
Black-footed Cat Felis nigripes VU yes
Bobcat Lynx rufus LC
Bornean Bay Cat Pardofelis badia
Synonym: Catopuma badia (Gray, 1874)
Canadian lynx Lynx canadensis LC
Caracal Caracal caracal LC yes – Asia only
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus VU yes
Chinese Mountain Cat Felis bieti no record
Clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa VU yes
Eurasian Lynx Lynx lynx LC
Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus EN
Flat-headed Cat Prionailurus planiceps EN yes
Geoffroy’s Cat Oncifelis geoffroyi NT yes
Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus CR yes
Jaguar Panthera onca NT yes
Jaguarundi Puma yagouaroundi LC
Jungle Cat Felis chaus LC
Kodkod Oncifelis guigna VU
Leopard Panthera pardus NT yes
Leopard Cat Prionailurus bengalensis LC yes (see below)
Lion Panthera leo VU
Marbled Cat Pardofelis marmorata VU yes
Margay Leopardus wiedii NT yes
Ocelot Leopardus pardalis LC yes
Oncilla Leopardus tigrinus VU yes
Pampas Cat Oncifelis colocolo NT
Pallas Cat Otocolobus manul NT
Puma Puma concolor LC yes (see below)
Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus VU yes
Sand Cat Felis margarita NT
Serval – domestic Leptailurus serval LC
Snow leopard Uncia uncia EN
Tiger Panthera tigris EN yes
Sumatran Tiger Panthera tigris sumatrae CR
European Wildcat Description
Wildcat – Scottish
Wildcat – African
Felis silvestris LC
Total=38 – see Wild Cat Species for lots more on the wild cats
note 1 – Leopard cat – listed in CITES Appendix I in relation to this cat inhabiting Bangladesh, India and Thailand only

note 2 – Cougar – listed in CITES Appendix I in relation to the Cougar, the Florida Cougar or Panther and the Costa Rican Cougar.

Comment – IUCN Red List for Cats

What is the overall position regarding the wild cats? If the category EX=1 and the category LC=7, the average position for all cats is: 5.5, which equates to being in between vulnerable and near threatened.

I think the categorization is a little generous. Appendix I of CITES lists species that are “most endangered”. There seems to be a conflict between CITES and IUCN unless I am missing something. For example, the Ocelot is listed as LC (least threatened) under IUCN and as most endangered under CITES. There are other, what appears to be, differences of opinion.

Of course, the criteria between the two is different. One, CITES is concerned with the trade in species and body parts and the other, IUCN, is concerned with the extent of the treat to the existence of the species. One however, is linked to the other.

Assessments – IUCN Red List for Cats

Update: Controversial note: I am sure some, perhaps most, of the Red List assessments are correct. But I am also sure that some are not. Take just one reason. There is a distinct lack of accurate data on wildcat population numbers. A lot of wildcats inhabit countries where there is corruption at governmental levels and where there is an economic reason to misrepresent wildcat population figures. I would not be surprised if the providers of data are sometimes working under a conflict of interest. Do we know the population on a regional basis of the Lynx for example? I don’t think that we do. Without this fundamental data it could be argued that the Red List could achieve the opposite of its intended goal. It could assist the destruction of wildcats rather than preserve them by lulling people into an apathetic stance in respect of wildcats that might in fact require urgent action. I made a post about this: IUCN Red List Assessment.


It seems that the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ is recording the demise of species rather than acting as a motivator to others to do something about it. I must presume that one of the underlying objectives of the Red List is to alert people to conservation issues that require attention. Yet often these problems are not addressed. This must be because of commercial pressure on the ground that blunts efforts and dictates outcomes. If information is not acted upon there is little use in it. This undermines the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™. It might be time for a change in the relationships between the various conservation organizations and to bring in some sort of international enforcement. The wild species of this world, including the wild cats, belong to the world and not individual countries. International treaties should be enforced at an international level. I don’t see this. Some countries fall down badly in respect of enforcement and where this happens in respect of endangered species (I am thinking of the tiger) there is an argument that international teams should be allowed in to enforce legislation (including local legislation) and treaties. It is time for real change and effectiveness. Many people want to see good news and population growth not perpetual decline in wild species, particularly the wildcats.

Regional variations

I also feel that where there are regional differences in the survivability of a wildcat as is the case for the Eurasian Lynx, a choice is presented. The Eurasian Lynx is endangered in Europe (critically in Portugal) yet it is classified overall as Least Concern because of the cats “wide range”. I don’t understand that as illegal hunting is “considered” to be the major threat. A wide range does not mean high and stable population. I presume that the population of the Eurasian Lynx is considered relatively stable and high because of its presence in Russia, a large area. I think that where there are regional variations the choice is:

  1. to list the regions separately on a formal basis
  2. to assess on the more cautious side
  3. to average the regional assessments

I favor number 2 above as there is a general downwards trend and people need to be alerted to this. Least Concern sends the signal that illegal hunting can continue without proper enforcement. In other words assessing more cautiously is the best route in the long term. And the whole thing is about long term strategies.

IUCN Red List for Cats — Source: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <>. Downloaded on 27 October 2008.

Photograph:published under a Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivs creative commons License

From IUCN Red List for Cats to Wild Cat Species

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Michael Broad

Hi, I am 70-years-of-age at 2019. For 14 years before I retired at 57, I worked as a solicitor in general law specialising in family law. Before that I worked in a number of different jobs including professional photography. I have a longstanding girlfriend, Michelle. We like to walk in Richmond Park which is near my home because I love nature and the landscape (as well as cats and all animals).

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