Birman Cat

birman cat
Two useful tags. Click either to see the articles: Toxic to cats | Dangers to cats



The name of the cat in the picture above is a suitable one for this breed (but see below about names). An outstanding feature is the Birman’s personality, which is balanced and good hearted.

By all accounts this breed has a fine and balanced temperament. In both the picture above of Happy and of Hidden below, the playful and inquisitive nature of this cat is well captured by Helmi.

The Birman is one of the more popular cats. In a cat breed popularity survey (currently running) on this site this breed ranks just outside the top 10 (at early 2008). There are about 70 breeds listed on this site. This cat breed may be more popular in the UK as at one time it was about 4th most popular. Of course popularity is a fickle thing.

The origin of this breed, in the Western World, is from the importation of a female Birman Cat from Burma into France (see below). This cat had kittens, the only survivor of which was a female, who was outcrossed with Siamese, Colourpoints (Himalayans) and White Longhairs. The development of the breed in the West had then begun.

Some, though, argue that the breed has been created after the war through selective breeding of Siamese and black and white longhaired cats (denying the importation story). You make your choice. The origin and history of the cat breeds is not infrequently hazy and sometimes (rarely) lacks a bit of credibility.

Birman cat white temple cat

The Birman Cat is shrouded in legend going back to pre 653 BC (the birth of Buddha). In outline, the legend is that the coat of a white cat, the companion of a temple priest, turned into the Birman markings we now see when her master was murdered and when she faced the goddess of the temple, Tsun-Kyan-Kse.  These are quasi-religious stories, enjoyable but no more than that and certainly no help in establishing the exact origins of this breed.

However, temple cats are very much a part of life in Asia. They are either feral or adopted by priests or I presume people associated with the temple.

The picture opposite evokes, to a certain extent, the image created by the legend of the beginnings of this breed. It is a picture of a white temple cat in Burma and perhaps a young priest studying.

Some of the money made from this website goes to sponsoring an entire temple colony of cats in Phuket in Thailand. Update 2011: I have now stopped sponsoring the temple.


Illinois Birman

People search for breeders in Illinois, USA. Always visit the cattery. Here is a selection:

Russpurrz Birmans (link broken April 2016 – sorry) – Sparta, IL. Since 1991. Well established.

Bojacat Birmans. Wilmington, IL. Long standing cat breeder starting in 1988. Good place to start.

Abirwood Birmans – Murrayville, IL. West of Springfield (30 mins drive).

Birman Rescue

Rescue is important. Try visiting on this page for information. or Yahoo Groups. Birmancats seems like a nice group of Birman devotees. You might get some contacts here. These groups can be useful. Purebred cat rescue on this site might assist too. And finally a third party site: Speciality Purebred Cat Rescue.

Birman Kitten Pictures

Feast your tired eyes…

cuccioli, Albafeles kittens, Sacred Birman cats
Photo by claudiabirmans (Flickr)

Chucky I~~My Favorite, taken by my niece, Lisa+++
Photo by buckle1535 (Flickr) – flame point.

Gatto di Birman

Ciao Italia. Questa pagina dovrebbe fornire tutte le informazioni che desiderate. Si può tradurre copiando e incollando una sezione in Google Translate.

Birman Cat Photo

Here is a great Helmi Flick Birman cat photo:

Birman cat photo by Helmi
Photo of Brita copyright © Helmi Flick

Blue Point Birman Cat

Another great Helmi photo of a blue point Birman – I think!

blue point Birman cat
Photo copyright © Helmi Flick

Appearance and Character

This cat has the standard colorpoint pattern and in addition white feet. This is very similar to the Snowshoe Cat in terms of coat color and pattern. It would be useful to have a look at the Snowshoe cat on this website, as the same genetics are at work.

The Piebald gene (white spotting gene) produces the white (gloved) feet in association with a “pattern gene”. The pattern gene is sometimes called the “gloving gene”. The gloving gene is naturally important to Airman breeders and the breeding programs are managed to retain it.

The white feet should ideally have a nice clean edge and be symmetrical. For the front feet the white “gloves” end across the top of the paws and for the back legs the white fur extends up the back of the legs ending about half way up hock. The white fur on the hind legs is referred to as “laces”. Laces and gloves should be evenly matched ideally.

Apparently, in the past, the gloving would ride up the legs. These “defects” were referred to as “runners”. They have been bred out over the years by breeding Airman to Airman.

The coat is not as long as the Persia’s (it has been bred long in the Persian – too long in some cases, I believe) and is therefore easier to maintain but grooming is still required regularly ideally. Apparently, the texture is such that it doesn’t mat so easily. The coat is described as being, “silky”1.

In short, the Birman cat is a semi-long haired cat breed. The torso of the cat has a color that is lighter than the points. This is somewhat disguised I think by the fact that the pointing is sometimes of low contrast to the background and the pointing itself can be (
for want of a better term) rather complex as for example in the seal lynx point (broken pointing). The background color should have a “golden cast” (Legend of the Cat)

Helmi’s great photographs show you the texture and color of the coat.

In terms of the CFA breed standard the colors are seal, blue, chocolate and lilac for the solid (self) colours. Under the CFA Lynx Point Color Classes, the colours are: seal, blue, chocolate, lilac, red, cream, seal-tortie, chocolate-tortie, blue-cream, lilac-cream. Under the Parti-Color Colors Class, the colours are: seal-tortie, blue-cream, chocolate-tortie, lilac-cream. Unde the Other Solid Point Colors Class, the colours are: red and cream. Seal is the classic Birman colour as it is for Siamese cats.

The lilac and chocolate where one of the first new colours to be accepted1.

The lynx points have the clear M mark on the forehead (tabby mark), spotted whisker pads and “spectacles” (white around the eyes).

The Birman Cat has almost round, blue eyes and a cobby (stocky) large body. It is the character that some might find the most appealing feature of this cat; intelligent, companionable, playful and pleasant.

Birman cat Abigail
Abigail Tortie-point Birman cat
photo ©Helm Flick


When writing about health issues of any cat breed, I simply present what I see and read. I leave it to others to decide to act or not on the information presented by filtering out the useful. But I present all that I discover or know using sound sources.

My research indicates no outstanding health related issues with this breed. Except there may be an issue with Kidney and liver function.  Also in a book by Ross D. Clark DIM called Medical, Genetic & Behavioral Aspects of Purebred Cats (published 1992) the author states that some genetic lines have a tendency to have weak legs or nasal obstructions, leading to breathing by the mouth. He says that a disease called epibulbar dermoids was reported in “a” line (i.e. one line) of UK Birmans (remember this is pre-1992). A condition fairly well known in the cat world hip dysplasia (new window) is occasionally seen in the Birman cat.

A survey was very wisely and sensibly carried out in the UK by Dr. Danièlle Gunn-Moore, BSc, BVM&S, PhD, MACVSc, MRCVS and Dr Rebecca Richards, MA, VetMB, PhD, CertSAM, MRCVS. It is not clear when the research was carried out. I don’t know what steps people have taken to manage this or if people simply disagree.

It was a large and highly scientific analysis. In summary the findings where are follows:

  • many Birmans may suffer from varying degrees of renal dysfunction
  • this disorder may progress (get worse) over time
  • this conclusion has been drawn from evidence of higher than usual levels of kidney enzymes (creatinine levels)
  • in the test it was found that 80% of Birmans (aged 6 months or less) had creatinine levels above average. Elevated creatinine levels were also found in the adult Birman cat but less frequently (30% above normal).
  • high creatinine levels remained high
  • in a survey of deaths at the time of the survey, out of 92 cats, 19 died of kidney failure (21%) and of these 8 were under 10 years of age.
  • the cause of this disorder may be inherited
  • the Birman cats included in the survey had a COI (Coefficient of Inbreeding) of between 40 to 60% and rising over the 30 years prior to the survey/analysis. This is high I understand but not unusually so for purebred cats (so the doctors say). This data led the doctors to conclude that the high incidence of renal failure may be due to inbreeding
  • there is also the possibility that this cat breed may have inherited a liver shunt. A “shunt” is an abnormal natural channel (src:

The term COI is commonly used by cat breeders. Clearly breeders must find a balance between breeding closely to enhance the cat’s “type” – appearance (make the cat as “typey” as possible) and health (breeding more widely to avoid a higher incidence of defects due to “defective” genes that are recessive).

A COI of more than 25% is considered high and is equivalent to a parent to child or brother to sister mating. This would indicate to me that the Birman COI mentioned above is too high. It is recommended to keep the COI below 20% (src: – a dog breeding site but I am sure the same principles apply)

There is often a difference in regards to cat breed health between the USA and UK. This research should not in my opinion be taken as representative of the USA Birman cat. This research is bravely (and in an enlightened way) presented on a British breeders website. I would like to commend them because it can only serve in the long term to help the breed. You can see the full text here: – link broken at 29th August 2011. This link will also take you to the cattery website. The cattery owners are Alwyn & Ted Hill.

Update July 2010: A discussion on the prevalence of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in cat breeds. The Birman comes out badly, I am afraid.

I am reporting what I see and no criticism is intended. See also Birman health problems expanding on some of these.

Birman cat
GC Kakatz Kaliedoscope Angel Photo: ©copyright Helmi Flick

The above picture links to a large format high quality version together with some notes about how the photograph was captured.


Time line
563 BC
Legend that the Birman’s color and markings are a result of the death of a temple priest who was murdered and who’s soul was carried to heaven by the cat, when (s)he died.
c.1919Female and Male Birmans imported into France from Burma by or with the help of  a certain Mr Vanderbilt and/or MmeThadde Hadisch.  Female survives and is pregnant thereby establishing the Birman in the West.
1925Birman recognized by the French Cat Registry as “Sacre de Birmanie”.
1927Birman referred to in the Paris Cat Show run by the Cat Club of France. The judge’s description of the cat is still applicable.
WWIIDecimated Birman population – 2 left in Europe.
Post WarBirman outcrossed with long hair breeds to rebuild breed.
1955Birman recognized as a pure breed again.
1960Birmans imported into UK from France.
1965Recognized by GCCF (UK).
1966 or 1967CFA recognize the Birman Cat.



There is a convention that can be adopted for naming the Birman Cat. There is also a naming convention for another cat that originates in France, the Chartreux. The Chartreux truly does originate in France, while the Birman’s presence in the Western World started in France.

If the convention is followed, the first letter of the name, in the USA, should begin with “A” for cats born in 2003 (it was “Z” for 2002). For each subsequent year the first letter advances through the alphabet.

The full name of “Happy” at the top of this page is “Happy New Year”, “Y” being the alphabetical character for that year (born 2001). The full name of “Hidden” above is “Hidden Agenda”. “A” being the relevant character (born 2003).

For Boss below, this tells us that he was born in 2004.

Birman Cat

Birman Cat Clubs

The Birman Cat Club (UK) [link]. Founded in 1969 so very well established.

The South and Southwest Birman Cat Club [link] where Birmans come first (and they mean this). Located in the UK. Formed 1999 and affiliated to the GCCF.

Next some birman kittens for sale. Here is a short list of breeders. I would also check out TICA and CFA breeder referral lists. These are the two top cat associations and they do list breeders.


There are of course many more breeders of this cat than listed here, but these are the only cat breeder sites, as non-directory sites, in the first 30 Google listings.

Update June 2010: Since creating this v.short list I have built a pop-up page: Breeders

Taron Birmans – link broken 8th Jan 2013, sorry.
Located Pittsboro, North Carolina, USA. Nice website with a good Google PageRank.

Felonie Birmans
Located near Salisbury, England, Breeding for about 20 years (at 2008).

Russpurrz (link broken April 2016 – sorry. Probably shut down)
Located in Central/Southern Illinois, USA. Breeding since 1991.

More Birman photos — click on the pictures to see large format versions

Birman kittens cats
photo ©copyright Helmi Flick

Birman kitten
photo ©copyright Helmi Flick


1. Encyclopedia of the Cat by Dr Bruce Fogle – page 198

From Birman Cat to Home Page

Please search using the search box at the top of the site. You are bound to find what you are looking for.

Useful tag. Click to see the articles: Cat behavior

1 thought on “Birman Cat”

  1. Felonie birmans ate great I had goodgollymissmolly from Mrs mason she was an exquistly beautiful cat sadly she passed over the rainbow last year at 15/1/2yrs one of the most gorgeous cats ever

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