News broke this past week from the North Carolina Department of Agriculture Animal Welfare Section, where an announcement was made that carbon monoxide gassing will no longer be an accepted form of euthanasia in NC animal shelters effective February 15th 2015. Much of this was covered in the 2013 AVMA Euthanasia Guidelines.
The six remaining shelters to use carbon monoxide gassing in North Carolina are Granville, Wilkes, Davidson, Beaufort, Union and Randolph counties. Now these shelters will have to provide a valid reason and plan if they need an extension on the deadline. Randolph County allegedly failed an inspection of their facility this month, which means those in government may finally be listening as advocates work to make gassing shelters a thing of the past.
NEW ANIMAL WELFARE DIRECTOR
Dr. Patricia Norris, new Director of the Animal Welfare Section of the N.C. Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services is credited with this win in the animal advocacy world. Agriculture Commissioner Steve Troxler recommended Patricia highly saying
“She has unique mix of experience with private practice and public service that will serve the department well.”
Patricia also worked in both North Carolina, as well as New Mexico where she provides veterinary forensic services for their cases of animal cruelty and animal crime, and is commonly asked to assist other law enforcement agencies throughout New Mexico. North Carolina is fortunate to have Patricia come on board, as some of the worst shelters in the south are located within the state.
POLICY AND CHANGES
A lot of people are unaware that the gas chamber will still be there, and that only limitations on who can operate the chamber and under what conditions has changed. Listed below are some key points of the standards.
North Carolina 1 Section 0400 – Euthanasia Standards 2 3 02 NCAC 52J .0401 — euthanasia standards section .0400
02 NCAC 52J .0402 AUTHORIZED PERSONS
Only a Certified Euthanasia Technician, Probationary Euthanasia Technician, or a veterinarian licensed to practice veterinary medicine in North Carolina may euthanize an animal in a certified animal shelter. A Certified Euthanasia Technician shall not euthanize animals using a method for which he or she is not currently certified except as specified in 02 NCAC 52J .0700.
This brings us to “extraordinary circumstances”
02 NCAC 52J .0701 METHODS OF EUTHANASIA PERMITTED UNDER EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES AND SITUATIONS
For purposes of this section, extraordinary circumstance or situation includes a situation which is offsite from the shelter, in which an animal poses an immediate risk to animal, human or public health and in which no alternative, less extreme measure of euthanasia is feasible. This also covers the use of gas euthanasia, should an animal be too ill or injured to move to a place that offers lethal injection euthanasia.
This also covers animals found during rare or unusual circumstances, natural disasters or large-scale disease outbreaks. Should any of these occur, the person doing the gassing doesn’t have to be certified to kill. They will be required to keep a report on any animal killed using carbon monoxide. The new policy should end the routine gassing of cats and dogs, just be aware the gas chamber itself may still be on-site at a North Carolina shelter.
Gassing will also be prohibited on animals under 16 weeks of age, animals near death and pregnant animals.
Training will be required to become a Certified Euthanasia Technician. This includes a classroom lecture covering the entire list of subjects in Paragraph (b) of this Rule, and the student must score 80% or higher on a written test provided by the Animal Welfare Section demonstrating knowledge and then passing a practical exam in each euthanasia method the applicant is seeking certification in. In other words, a regular volunteer or jail inmate working at the shelter can’t euthanize an animal. There are a lot of community service programs in the Carolinas that allow an inmate to participate in animal shelter programs to reduce jail time. Also, applicants are not eligible for certification if they have been convicted of a felony offense or a crime or infraction involving animal abuse or neglect.
While there may still be gassing by carbon monoxide, the day to day occurrence in the deaths of shelter pets by uncertified staff should come to an end as of February 15, 2015. If any of the readers know more about the new policies, please feel free to leave a comment and fill in anything I may have overlooked. I encourage all of you to read the entire PDF document to better understand the changes.