Did Anne Frank have pets? Yes, Anne Frank was a cat owner. Her three cats were named Tommy, Boche and Mouschi. They became her wartime companions.
In brief, this is a little bit about Anne Frank. She was a German Jewish girl who wrote a diary, in the Dutch language, which was posthumously published in 1947: Diary of a Young Girl. It became a symbol of Jewish suffering during World War II. With her family she fled Germany to escape Nazi persecution. They went to Amsterdam where this 13-year-old girl was forced to go into hiding in a warehouse attic (secret annex) containing concealed rooms in 1942 as the country was under German occupation. The family shared the secret hiding place with three cats for 25 months until betrayed by informers.
The hiding place was behind a bookcase in the building were Anne’s father worked. They were arrested by the Gestapo in August 1944. There were transported to a concentration camp. In November 1944 Anne and her sister, Margot, were transferred from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen where they died a few months later probably of typhus.
Anne Frank is one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
Anne Frank’s Three Cats
When she entered her hiding place with her family there were two cats already there. One of them was a cat that she named Boche because he was an aggressive warehouse cat “always the first to attack”. The second cat was also an attic cat who was forced to retaliate to Boche’s aggression. Apparently he won in the end so she called him Tommy (I presume after the nickname for the victorious British soldiers). The third cat was named Mouschi. He was the pet cat of the 15-year-old son of family friends who joined the Frank family in hiding in the attic.
It is interesting that these three cats lived as full-time indoor cats out of necessity and it is beautiful that they no doubt brightened up the lives of the Frank family in extremely stressful times.
The Building Where Anne Frank Lived
Just a quick aside to say that I have visited the building where Anne Frank lived. It is now a museum and a very carefully preserved and beautifully presented museum it is by the way. It is a very poignant place to visit. I recall the area around it being very well-kept and the whole place had that classic Dutch ambience.
Sources: Dr Desmond Morris’s Cat World, Wikipedia, history.com, damsterdamer.com.