Yes, cats learn from each other. Social learning is achieved by watching another cat complete the task. The other cat might be, and often is, the mother. Excellent observational skills are very important for the kitten when learning hunting from his/her mother. The feral mother cat (queen) firstly brings prey that she has killed to the nest. But when the kittens are about four weeks of age she brings back live prey.
After the queen releases the live prey in the nest she’ll demonstrate hunting skills to her kittens. The kittens practice the tasks in front of their mother. Also when a kitten is being socialised he learns faster in the presence of his mother.
Surrogate mothers and males also have a role in teaching, through observation, growing kittens and juveniles. Apprently researchers have observed male cats using a forelimb to seperate wrestling juveniles without being aggressive towards them. Males also groom and defend kittens and curl up around them when abandoned in a colony.
The Sunquists in their book, Wild Cats of the World write on the subject of learning hunting skills:
“It seems that simply watching the mother or another cat kill a rat is enough to teach a kitten how to deal with live prey. This observational learning is facilitated if the cat performing the act is familiar to the observer cat.”
When tackling live prey kittens normally follow their mother’s selection. The selection of new prey is influenced by their mother.
This learning from other cats was strongly demonstrated in an experiment. A scientist trained a mother cat to eat bananas (put aside the ethics for a moment). When her kittens were offered familiar dry cat food or a banana, the kittens copied their monther and selected the banana.
On the basis that domestic cats see us as cats (some would debate this) they learn from watching us. A lot of the routines and habits of cats turn on what we do. For instance when I go out to the gym in the morning my cat goes out to the garden at the exact same time. He recognises that I won’t be around so decides to go out until I return.