The lynx food chain in described below. Before you read that you should know that there are four subspecies of lynx cat:
- Canada lynx – Canada
- Eurasian lynx – Europe, Asia
- Iberian lynx – Portugal, Spain
- Bobcat – North America, Mexico
The most common prey of the Eurasian lynx is the Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). The most common prey of the Iberian lynx is the Old World Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). The most common prey of the bobcat is the white tailed deer (Odocoileus virginiamus). The most common prey of the Canada lynx is the snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus).
All these prey items eat a variety of plant material to survive. On that basis the food chain for the the Canada lynx subspecies is set out in the montage image below. You just have to substitute snowshoe hare for the other prey items listed above.
A food chain, as the image above shows, is a linear process that starts with the sun. Grass converts the light from the sun into starch through the process of photosynthesis. The grass is therefore a producer of energy. The grass is eaten by the snowshoe hare. The hare is one of a group species in the Canada lynx food chain that occupies an intermediate position in the chain. The prey of the lynx is variable as mentioned above. There is then another transfer of energy from the hare to the lynx. The lynx is at the top of this chain and is therefore not eaten by another organism. The grass is at the bottom of the chain and does not eat any other species as it is a producer.
- Canada lynx by Keith Williams under a creative commons license.
- Snowshoe hare by U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service – Northeast Region.
- Grass – Wikimedia Commons image file – author Jeremy C. Schultz.
- Sun by Averain under creative commons license.
Reference: Wild Cats Of The World for prey items.