Norwegian Forest Cat – Please note: All the photographs illustrating this page (which are generally thumbnails) are by Helmi Flick, a professional photographer of repute. The copyright belongs to her. Please respect that. Sources of information are embedded in the text and referenced by “src:” or at the end of the section concerned.
The Norwegian Forest Cat (“NFC”) is a distinguished and handsome cat. It is also one of the great favourites of people who like and appreciate domestic cats. Over the period of a long
It is arguable that it could or should be more popular but the mighty Maine Coon cat may have stolen some of its thunder. This is because the Maine Coon looks like the NFC and may have similar if not the same origins (see below). Another factor is that the biggest domestic cat “market” is America and the Maine Coon is America’s domestic cat.
Other names for this cat are:
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The evidence is in the form of Norwegian cats with coat colours that are common in Turkey including what was then Byzantium, now Istanbul. Some of these cats would have been the forerunners of the NFC being longhaired cats. Evolution would then have gently played a part to create the moggie cat companion that became popular with famers (as was the case in America with the Maine Coon). However, some Norwegians, apparently, would prefer that their native cat’s origins go back considerably further to 4000 AD (src: When Cats Reigned Like Kings By Georgie Anne Geyer).
A quick diversion to the origins of the Maine Coon is appropriate. Although the general consensus is that the Maine Coon developed from long haired cats brought by the pilgrim settlers to North America, it is possible that they arrived some 500 years or more earlier when the Vikings discovered North America in AD 1001 or 1002 (src: http://answers.yahoo.com). There is then a relationship between these two breeds.
There is also a connection between cats and gods in Norse mythology. There is a cat that was too big for the god Thor to lift and the cats that pulled the carriage of the goddess Freya.
In 1930 the Skogkatt was first shown in a cat show in Germany. This was the beginning of the NFC as a purebred show cat. The second world war intervened and cat breeding became a low priority. At this time there was also the problem of naturally occurring hybridization through the NFC mating with other domestic cats which diluted the purity of the genes (src: When Cats Reigned Like Kings). That needed to be dealt with by the cat fancy, which is what happened when Carl Frederick Nordane, as the then president of the Norwegian Cat Association (founded in 1963), organized a breed club to manage the pedigree of the NFC and by the 1970s controlled breeding, apparently, got underway.
The first cat to be assessed by the breed council of the time was a brown and white mackerel tabby (src: Legacy of the Cat). By 1977 FIFe had recognized this breed and breeding on a international level began. On 1st November 1979, the Norwegian Forest Cat was imported into the United States and into Britain about a year later. The first litter born in the USA happened on March 21st 1981. The first association to grant championship status was The International Cat Association (TICA) in August of 1984. The Norwegian Forest Cat is now recognized by all the major cat registries, ACFA, CFA, CCA, CFF and GCCF (src: The Encyclopaedia of the Cat).
The Norwegian Forest Cat is accepted by the cat associations in all traditional colours. Here are some important points on apperance:
Being a forest cat the hind legs are powerful. This cat is a fine jumper able to climb trees well and climb down them equally efficiently. In fact, they sometimes come down from a considerable height head first running down the tree trunk as if on the flat. I have seen this myself as I lived with a NFC hybrid.
Tabby Norwegian Forest Cats and bicolour NFCs are frequently seen in non purebred cats (moggies or random bred cats) and as this breed originates from that sort of cat and without the breed standard encouraging otherwise (all colours and all divisions – TICA breed standard), tabbies and bicolours are frequently encountered (src: The Encyclopedia of the Cat) – see the mackerel tabby below:
The silver tabby and white can look tarnished, which is not considered a flaw in the Norwegian Forest Cat but it is in other breeds (src: The Encyclopedia of the Cat). Characteristics such as:
…are frowned upon (src: TICA breed standard)
They are very intelligent, playful cats that enjoy human company. They have the ability to adapt to new surroundings and may be able to find their way through closed doors. The Norwegian Forest Cat is alert and they make good hunters (src: Medical, Genetic & Behavioural Aspects of Purebred Cat – see below).
Perhaps a good way to look at this cat’s personality is to see what other people think by reference to their comments regarding my video on my YouTube channel (see video below). These are not taken verbatim as I do not have copyright. They are, in fact, summarized and rewritten – the meaning is the same:
“They are the best cat breed. They are very friendly, funny and kind cats. Mine loved the snow and he liked to be cradled like a baby. He would meow for food and showed great persistence. He was a very sweet cat.”
“Such beautiful cats”
“The Norwegian Forest cat prefers to be in the warm and anyway most of Norway is not covered by snow! A powerful jaw is important in the appearance of this cat breed.”
“Despite being rude, biting me on my heels, destroying my leather sofa he was my favourite animal ever.”
“A Norwegian Forest Cat’s personality means that this cat needs to be outdoors preferably in a forest.”
“These cats are not only special because of their looks, their personality is much more special.”
“They are awesome!”
This is my comment about living with a half-Norwegian Forest cat:
“I still love her. I still think about her. She was very loving and immensely athletic. She had a very quiet voice. She died in an car accident 15+ years ago aged 4.” (as at June 2009).
In addition to the above, Gloria Stephens in Legacy of the Cat says that the Norwegian Forest Cat:
A cat’s health is the most important aspect of the cat but something that is not readily visible. As a semi-wild cat this cat was pretty robust. I would have expected this breed to the same as any other mixed breed cat before she became a show cat. TICA says that the Norwegian Forest Cat is a healthy, robust, breed. The book, Medical, Genetic & Behavioural Aspects of Purebred Cat edited by Dr Clark, DVM (published 1992) says that at that time few medical problems were known. The book also says that a few instances of flat chests, pectus excavatum have been reported. I would doubt if this is significant.
One disorder however seems to be particular to this cat breed, namely Type IV glycogen storage disease (type IV GSD). This is a disease found in humans too. It is called Andersen disease or amylopectinosis. It is a rare disorder linked to an autosomal–recessive gene. It results in a deficiency in the behaviour of an enzyme. The enzyme is required to produce glucose. It is an inherited disease in this cat breed. As the disorder is due to a recessive gene (autosomal – sex related) both parents have to carry the gene for the disorder to be present in the offspring which are sometimes still born and if not die at about 4-5 months due to “neuromuscular degeneration”.
Also retinal dysplasia may be present more frequently than normal in this breed of cat. It results in the malformation of the retina. The symptoms can be more or less severe, causing a small blind spot (relatively minor) or blindness. This disease can be inherited. There is no treatment currently.
This cat is fairly low maintenance (little grooming). They take about 5 years to reach maturity.
There are two videos. The first is probably quite well known. It simply celebrates this fine cat. The second is about a Norwegian Forest Cat family. It is a video of a mother and her offspring. The link below the video takes you to a page about the family and a bit more.
Go to Norwegian Forest Cat Family for lots more on this family and on the breed. There will be a bit of overlap because this site is evolving.
Here is a selection of still photos (thumbnails) some of which you might have seen in the videos:
Tabby and White
Tabby and White
Norwegian Forest Cat Club UK – established 1987.
Do you have a personal story about the NFC or your NFC? Please share it by making a comment – thanks!
***Please scroll down to see the submissions***
Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page…
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