When people move home, they take their cat companion. This has been going on for thousands of years. It is how the domestic cat has spread throughout the world. For example, the Romans did quite a bit of empire building and moving which meant exporting the domestic cat far and wide. The first domestic cats of Britain where Roman cats. The British Shorthair is descended from these cats.
There is an interesting anomaly in respect of the domestic cats of New England and New York City. New England was settled by English colonists. They brought their cats with them. The outcome is that the genetic makeup or profile (genotype) of the cats of New England are similar to those of England. I guess that makes sense. The cats of New England have similar genotypes. If you keep a moggie in New England your cat has some English blood in her!
Modified Wikipedia Commons image, created by Miss M.J.M.
The cats of the city of New York, however are different. You may know that New York was once called “New Amsterdam”. The city was founded by the Dutch in 1626. It was a Dutch colony until taken over by the Brits later in the 1600s. As can be expected the cats of New York have a close genetic affinity with the cats of Amsterdam in Holland. There are four New England cat populations that are similar to the cats of NY, however.
New York City Cats – Dutch Cats! Photo by dandeluca (Flickr).
There are more piebald cats in New York than in neighbouring areas. Piebald cats are solid colour and white cats.
And there are no polydactyl cats in New York City. Is that true? Interestingly just down the coast in Maine, the Maine Coon that originates there is known to be predisposed to polydactylism (more than the usual number of toes).
I have read, though, that Boston is the original place of origin of the Maine Coon in the US. The lore of the area is that English Puritans brought polydactyl cats on their ships to Boston during the mid-1600s. The offspring of these cats are then believed to have travelled on trading ships from Boston to Massachusetts, Yarmouth, Halifax in Nova Scotia where you will find a higher-than-normal incidence of polydactyl cats.
You may know that they were brought on ships from England because they believe that the extra toes meant that the cats were better sailors! They can keep their balance better on-board ship. That is probably a very simplistic theory but it sounds nice in any case. And sailors thought they were lucky and better mousers.
One website states that Boston, Massachusetts has the largest population of polydactyl cats. Yes, I think Boston is the home of the polydactyl cat in America.
Katharine M Rogers in her book “Cat” states that even today cats in new England are descended mostly from English stock and are distinguishable genetically from those in New York which are descended mostly from Dutch stock.
As mentioned, New York City was once called New Amsterdam. In 1664 the English renamed it ‘New York’ after the Duke of York when they took over the city.
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