First Abyssinian Cat Zula Zula

The so called first Abyssinian cat, Zula Zula is shown below. The picture was created in 1874. I don’t know who created it. The timing of its creation fits quite nicely into the history of the Abyssinian cat. Zula is meant to be the cat that was brought back to England by an officer in the army who was based in Egypt and who might have also been to India.

The picture was first published (it seems) in a book by Dr. William Gordon Stables called Cats, Their Points and Characteristics and Curiosities of Cat Life 1874. Dr. William Stables was Scottish and he wrote a large number of books. He was not it seems a specialist on cats.

The truth is that we really don’t have much of a clue as to the history of the Abyssinian cat although a lot has been written (however see the picture and story in the comment below). I think what is more interesting about this picture is the appearance of the cat.

First abyssinian cat Zula, Zula

early Abyssinian cat

I have also included the photograph, above, of an Abyssinian cat from 1907, which bears out the more stocky body conformation of this cat breed at this time. The two are very similar.

I have stated this before a number of times but it seems to occur quite a lot. The cat in the picture of Zula is considerably more cobby (less slender) than the current Abyssinian cat which is meant to be slender and athletic; what the cat fancy call “foreign” in body conformation. See Cat Body Shapes.


I think the above photo by Helmi Flick taken this year (2009) of Hobgoblin pretty well sums up the difference in conformation. A number of cat breeds have been transformed in this way.

If I am correct in that the Abyssinian has become more elegant during the 21st century because of breeding then it calls into question the argument that the cats depicted in Egyptian cat art are possibly Abyssinian cats because the cats that are the subject matter of sculptures and drawing etc. from Egypt of that era are considerably more slender than Zula. They are more likely to be Egyptian Maus (still feral cats today in Egypt), I feel.

A point though is that artists in those days were sometimes not that good at getting the proportions accurate and this may be a factor but the photo supports the appearance as being accurate.

I have discussed the history of the Abyssinian cat (Origins) but I am now inclined to believe that the Abyssinian is a cat created to look like a Jungle cat or was a Jungle cat hybrid, originally, in India. The Chausie is just that.

To have a cat called the first Abyssinian cat, Zula Zula is convenient. I am not sure it is possible to say a single cat is the first unless the cat has been deliberately breed, which is not meant to have happened with this breed.

First Abyssinian cat Zula Zula to Abyssinian cat

The photo by Helmi Flick on this page is protected by copyright ©. Violations of copyright are reported to (DMCA).

Comments for
First Abyssinian Cat Zula Zula

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Feb 01, 2012 Bunny Cat
by: Michael

In 1923 the Abyssinian cat was also called “Bunny Cat”.

This is a picture from the era:

Apparently even then there was discussion about the origins of the Abyssinian cat and it was thought that it was simply selective breeding of the British tabby. This is one theory, the alternative theory to the discovery and importation theory.

Perhaps the reference to a rabbit is because of the Aby’s ticked coat. Rabbits presumably have ticked coats or some of them do.

You can see how stocky Bunny cat is compared to the modern Abyssinian. He looks like a moggie really. I personally prefer this natural appearance as it must be the more functional.

The name “rex” for curly haired cats comes from rex rabbit breeds apparently.

Jan 04, 2010 Aby History
by: Maggie Sharp

Although mentioned above, the Abyssinian cat was not actually created to look like a Jungle Cat, nor was it one. It was, infact, from the ancestor of all domestic cats, the African Wild Cat (Felis silvestris lybica)which is commonly mistaken with the African Jungle Cat (Felis Chaus). They are two VERY different cats.

Having owned an Aby born in 1988, and an Aby born in 2008 I can tell you that the breed have changed a lot. They’re being bred to resemble the cats from the Egyptian art work. My Aby from 1988 was of a bulkier build, smaller ears and a lot less elegant in appearance, yet, for that time he was a top quality Aby. Now, the Aby born in 2008 has a wonderfully huge set of ears, long slender legs, and a very elegant body build and appearance. The breed is continuing to change, and there’s a constant argument about the appearance of Abys. Some say the new Abys look rediculous, and the old look should be restored. While others, encluding myself, think that the new look is wonderful!

On a more historical note, here’s a link of historic Abys that might interest some people.

Oct 24, 2009 Leiden cat
by: Michael

Hi Finn, yes I have heard of this cat. But there appears to be not much on it. What you have said is the best I have seen! I suppose the question is how it got there.

Oct 24, 2009 First Abyssinian Cat
by: Finn Frode, Denmark

I agree, Michael – the origian of the various breeds is an interesting subject and your article started chains of thoughts in many different directions with me. 😉
Did you see the Leiden cat and what do you think of it?

Oct 24, 2009 Thanks
by: Michael

Hi Finn, thanks very much for adding to this article to complete the picture. Great stuff. It makes for a very useful article I think on this interesting area.

I think that the origin of the “natural” or “discovered” cat breeds is interesting and often the stories are clouded in some mystery so to try and shed some light on it is fun and I hope the article has some originality. Something hard to achieve on the internet.

Oct 24, 2009 The Leiden cat
by: Finn Frode, Denmark

Thank you for another interesting article. I agree that the notion of the Abyssinian cats as being descendants of ancient Egyptian cats does not hold water. But it’s a nice romantic dream – and the elegant look of the cats does it’s best to support it. Still it seems much more likely that the Indian ‘Felis Chaus’ jungle cat has played a role in the forming of the breed.

As to the bodyshape of the Abyssinian cat in the early days of cat fancy, I’m always a bit surprised to see those pictures. The “natural” cat breeds originating in warmer regions usually are smaller and less chubby than those from the cold regions – like Siamese versus British. A plausible explanation is that Indian jungle cats hybrids were already mixed with British domestic cats at the time of Zula Zula, but this is of course purely speculative.

When talking about the first Abyssinian cats, the Leiden cat must also be mentioned. It’s a ruddy ticked cat purchased around 1833-34 for the National Museum af Natural History in Leiden, Holland. This was 40 years before the picture of Zula Zula!

I have not been able to verify facts from the homepage of the museum , but it’s story is reported on a number of Aby pages. At the site of Belgian ‘Nanu-Emuishéré’ cattery two photos are shown. (Note for Michael: Since the pictures are on other sites as well, they may be public domain).

Alledgedly the founder of the museum bought the specimen from a supplier of small wild cat exhibits and labeled it “Patrie, domestica India”. The cat clearly has a ruddy ticked coat and is of athletic build not that different from modern Abyssinian cats. The ears look more like a Felis Chaus (jungle cat) as do the tabby markings on the neck and front legs. It does not however, have the striped tail of the jungle cat, instead it carries the black stripe on top of it’s back and tail, which is distinctively Abyssinian.

Since at that time nobody had even thought about the breed, this cat is of course no Abyssinian in the modern sense. More likely it is another hybrid between an Indian domestic cat and a Felis Chaus. The Netherlands were a major seafaring nation, so through the trade routes this cat ended up in Holland – just as other hybrid cats went to London on British ships.

When talking about the sea, let’s not forget that until railways were built, the sea was what really connected regions – on land there were mountains, rivers and all kinds of obstacles. The vast Indian Ocean was routinely travelled by Arab, Indian and Chinese merchants for centuries before the first European explorers got there. So although East Africa and India now seems far appart, there once was a flourishing exchange of commodities, culture – and maybe cats. 😉

Oct 24, 2009 A Post Script
by: Michael (PoC Admin)

Here is a picture from a newspaper of what I think is Zula Zula. This cat came third at the Crystal Palace show. This may have been the first cat show.

early abyssinian cat at Crystal Palace show

Note: sources for news articles are carefully selected but the news is often not independently verified.
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Michael Broad

Hi, I'm a 74-year-old retired solicitor (attorney in the US). Before qualifying I worked in many jobs including professional photography. I love nature, cats and all animals. I am concerned about their welfare. If you want to read more click here.

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  1. diana dayn says:

    One of the best and my favorite blog ever.

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