Difference between domestic cats and tigers

Although they look very different, there are relatively few differences between domestic cats and tigers. They are 99% the same in terms of anatomy and behaviour. The default position is to regard them as fundamentally the same, although of course they are a different species of cat. Perhaps the biggest difference is the heart rates of these two species. The tiger’s is from 56 to 97 bpm while the relatively diminutive domestic cat’s is 140-240 beats per minute. Smaller animals have faster pulses than larger animals because it takes more force to drive blood through smaller blood vessels.

Tiger and domestic cat
Two useful tags. Click either to see the articles: Toxic to cats | Dangers to cats

Tiger and domestic cat. Collage: PoC.

Here are some more comparisons:


Although this difference goes without saying, I will state the obvious that tigers are up to 100 times heavier than domestic cats.


Tigers have one type of coat which is an orange background with high contrast dark brown or black stripes of which there are about a hundred on each tiger. Each tiger has their own individual style of stripes and they can be identified by them. Domestic cats are seen in a very wide range of coat types although the original domestic cat was a tabby-coated North African wild cat. At the beginning of cat domestication there was only one coat on a domestic cat and that was the tabby coat but now there is an infinite variety due to the evolution of the domestic cat over about 10,000 years.

Useful links
Anxiety - reduce it
FULL Maine Coon guide - lots of pages
Children and cats - important

Eyes – pupil

Although the fundamental structure of the eyes of both the tiger and domestic cat are identical, the tiger has a round pupil while the domestic cat has a slit for a pupil.

Eye colour

Tigers have one colour of eye which is hazel or copper whereas domestic cats have a wide range of eye colours once again due to 10,000 years of evolution as domestic cats.


The domestic cat is well known for their “tail-up” greeting (a friendly greeting). Tigers don’t do this. Their tails are held horizontally or tucked between their legs.


Through selective breeding of purebred cats the ear size in a percentage of domestic cats varies tremendously whereas tigers all have the same shape of ear which is quite small and rounded relative to head size.


We know that the domestic cat cannot roar while the tiger can. The tiger does not purr like the domestic cat. In fact, the tiger has quite a wide range of sounds that domestic cats do not make. But tigers do meow, spit, growl and hiss just like domestic cats.

RELATED: Tiger vocalisations.


In general, domestic cats are not that fond of being in water e.g., swimming in water. This is in complete contrast to tigers who like to be in water. They can spend a long time in water cooling off and staying cool in their hot climate. They are excellent swimmers and can swim in the sea for several miles.

RELATED: Video of Bengal tigers having a pool party to tolerate the heat.


Tigers live in the wild although of course you will see them in zoos i.e. in a captive state. They belong in the wild while domestic cats belong in the home and are fully domesticated normally or they should be. Domestic cats are socialised to people whereas nearly all tigers are not which means domestic cats get on with people and tigers don’t. Although you will see celebrities sometimes having tigers as pets but this is not to be recommended. And captive tigers are to a limited extent socialised to people but even then they can attack and kill people.

Population size

Although there are up to half a billion (500,000,000) domestic, stray and feral cats on the planet, the tiger population has been rapidly diminishing over the preceding hundred years by various human processes such as hunting, poaching, loss of habitat and loss of prey which has left them with a tiny population of about 3,500-4,000 (almost all Bengal and Amur) across the entire planet. The difference is staggering in this aspect.


As mentioned, the domestic cat and the tiger have, at heart, exactly the same behaviour. The domestic cat’s behaviour is modified by their socialisation to humans and living in the human home where they have to interact with people which modifies behaviour. But if a domestic cat goes outside on their own and wanders around a large backyard or garden or in a forest, they become little tigers behaving almost identically to their large, wild cousins although the hunting style of domestic cats and tigers varies somewhat.

P.S. All domestic dogs are grey wolves at heart ?.

Mike Tyson being interviewed on a podcast

Mike Tyson on insights into living with tigers and mountain lions

In a videoed podcast, Mike Tyson - puffing away on a spliff and clearly high to a certain extent - ...
Read More
I spent $500,000 on a baby tiger today and we are not the same

He claims he spent $500k on a baby tiger

Gavin Mayo on Twitter said: "I spent $500k on a baby tiger today. We are not the same". Here is ...
Read More
Do tigers kill bears?

Do tigers kill bears?

Do tigers kill bears? Yes, tigers do kill bears but it will happen quite rarely although there is conflicting information ...
Read More
Backyard tiger - hell

The Backyard Tiger – Big Cat Public Safety Act will end big cat abuse

The backyard tiger is an abomination. It is disrespectful of the world's most impressive and well-known animal. People who keep ...
Read More
Pseudo-melanistic Bengal tiger inspects a tree for scent

Pseudo-melanistic Bengal tiger inspects scent marking on a tree

The Indian ranger, Susanta Nanda, in his tweet describes this tiger, captured in a camera trap video, as melanistic. I ...
Read More
Tiger attack

Tiger attack – tigers tend to avoid people

There is a good amount of misleading information written about the tiger attack. It is something that tends to get ...
Read More
Sumatran tiger

Sumatran tiger 2022 – critically endangered

The story of the Sumatran tiger is a very sad one. It is the beginning of the end of the ...
Read More
Essay on the Tiger for Kids

Blue Tigers – a discussion

There are probably three things about blue tigers that are worthy of coverage: (a) the interesting writings of an early ...
Read More
Useful tag. Click to see the articles: Cat behavior

Note: sources for news articles are carefully selected but the news is often not independently verified.

Michael Broad

Hi, I'm a 74-year-old retired solicitor (attorney in the US). Before qualifying I worked in many jobs including professional photography. I love nature, cats and all animals. I am concerned about their welfare. If you want to read more click here.

You may also like...

2 Responses

  1. My 11 year old Traditional Persian cat is a identical prototype replica of a miniature tiger in habits as well as temperament.In this photo he is sleeping on the “Laptop Chair” while his docile Dam “Matahari” is sleeping on the table.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *