American Shorthair Cat

american shorthair cat

American Shorthair Cat – Utah – Photo copyright Helmi Flick

Photo: copyright © Helmi Flick



See a still photo of PIPER + a bit more


Introduction

The American Shorthair has a history much like Americans themselves. There are records, apparently, which tell us that this cat came over with some of the first Americans (the pilgrims from Plymouth, England) on the Mayflower, which landed at Cape Cod in 1620. This is Maine, USA, the place where the Maine Coon also started its life in the USA – see Maine Coon cat history.

This cat has, therefore, lived a life, in North America, in parallel with her human companion and the Maine Coon cat. A pretty harsh life bearing in mind the conditions and cold winters. This begs the question whether Native Americans, of which there were about 10 million when the Europeans arrived, kept cats. They certainly kept dogs as they were useful in hunting. As to domestic cats I have my doubts. In which case the cats on the Mayflower were amongst the first domestic cats in North America. There were other opportunities for the American Shorthair cat to settle in north America: the French settlements from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland and the Dutch colony where New York now exists1.

american shorthair cat

Photo of Bubi: by Sachama (Flickr)

Of course in 1620 this short haired cat was not known as a distinct cat breed as there were no definitive cat breeds at that time. It was what we now call a moggie in the UK or a domestic shorthair.

They were probably semi-domestic or at least a good number were. Today, there are many cats in the USA that could lay claim to be an American Shorthair. They are not as they do not have the pedigree.

It was during the 20th century that this cat was transformed from a common domestic cat to become a registered cat breed through the efforts of cat breeders and cat fanciers, in order to preserve the original cat.

This cat breed reminds me of the British Shorthair, a solid reliable and thoroughly well balanced cat of rude health. This is not surprising as this breed has identical origins to the British Shorthair as its ancestors are the British Shorthair1. Any differences evident now are due to natural evolution while in America and later selective breeding by cat breeders.

american shorthair cat

Photo of American Shorthair Cat “Gazer” reclining:© copyright Helmi Flick. This is a silver tabby coat.

Gazer has a stunning classic tabby coat. The picture above is one the most stolen by other website builders. They are all in clear violation of Helmi’s copyright.

The American Shorthair cat should be heavier (and therefore more muscular and compact) than first impressions suggest judging by the old cat associations’ standard which said that it should feel like a “sack of oats”1 (or was it oatmeal? – things get mashed up a bit). A sack of oats is heavy and pliable. That, I think, gives quite a nice idea as to what this cat feels like.

This American Shorthair cat is ranked 8th most popular on this site’s long standing poll (public vote on favorite cat breed) and 8th on the basis of numbers registered by the Cat Fanciers Association (at Feb 2010)4. One reason is its inherent health.

History

Date Event
1620 Imported into the USA from England as domestic cats
pre-1895 to mid 1900s Bred with Siamese or Persians and then later on breeders endeavoured to return to the original appearance1.
1895 First formal North American cat show – 71 cats of this breed (called Shorthair) shown at Cat Show, Madison Square Garden
1901 First shorthaired cat registered. It was a British shorthair cat called Belle2.
1904 First litter born from mating of American and British Shorthairs1.First member of “American heritage” is registered, a male smoke named Buster Brown2.
1906 Recognized by the CFA and named the Domestic Shorthair. At the outset this cat was called a “domestic shorthair”1. Amongst the first cat breed to be so recognized. The first cat of this breed registered is from England.
1930 This breed named Domestic Shorthair, a mistake it seems as she became less popular
1950 CFA printed stud book listing 50 domestic shorthairs2.
1964 American Shorthair kitten awarded CFA kitten of the Year
Before 1966 This breed treated as second class citizens (it seems to me from research) at cat shows.
1965 American Shorthair awarded CFA Cat of the Year.
1961 or 1965 or 19661 Name changed from Domestic Shorthair to American Shorthair. This reflected the “all American cat”1. This improved the fortunes of this breed distinguishing her from the non-registered domestic cat. It is said that the name, “Domestic Shorthair” is still used3.
1973-75 Mateo (male silver tabby) an American Shorthair wins a number of CFA titles
1984 & 1996 CFA? Cat of the Year Wins.
Currently American Shorthair accepted by all North American Registries

 

See a narrative version of the history of the American Shorthair covering different ground.


Appearance and Character

american shorthair cat

Photo: by sachama (Flickr) under creative commons

To people who aren’t cat fanciers or cat lovers the American Shorthair Cat has the kind of appearance that they expect a cat to have. Everything is in balance. There are no extremes. That means a face that is not over developed and extreme like that of the Ultra Persian. The American Shorthair cat’s muzzle is square and this is one of the “indicative features” of this cat breed.

Above I mentioned that this cat feels like a sack of oats, well the muzzle should look like a box of wooden matches1! On a practical level the underlying purpose of a square muzzle is an effective bite to catch rodents. This was a mouser after all [note: muzzle means: the projecting part of the head of an animal, including jaws, mouth, and nose - /dictionary. infoplease.com]. The muzzle is strong and wide1.

If you were describing a domestic cat to a Martian you’d describe the American Shorthair Cat, I think. They are medium sized cats with a strong body that is described as semi-cobby1 (see cat body shapes). The American Shorthair is supposedly less cobby than the British Shorthair. “Cobby” means stocky, compact, well muscled, heavy boned, short and wide.

The face should be sweet and not extreme1 (over developed to the point of unnaturalness). The head is broad, rounded1 and the medium sized ears are set quite wide apart. The eyes are round and also wide apart in keeping with the broad head. There should be a break in the line from the forehead to the nose. This is described as a “stop” or better an “indentation” between the brow and the beginning of the nose. Quite a lot of breed standards mention this (for all the breeds – the modern Siamese has no break, for example) and it is a bit of mystery to non-cat fancy people.

As mentioned, they were working cats (mousers), they are robust, stocky and powerful. Of course pretty all domestic cats are impressively muscular. The coat is all weather (meaning hard) and not the silky dense and soft coat that is found on the British Shorthair cat (more on the Brit SH)

The silver classic tabby (see photographs of Utah and Gazer {marbled pattern}) is the most common coat color and pattern and it can be spectacular on a well breed ASH (please play the short video above to see a coat like this). Although a very wide range is allowed by the associations (81 different colors and patterns); the ASH is shown in all divisions and all color of the traditional category1. The silver tabby provides for a fantastic contrast between pattern and silver background.

American Shorthair cat Champ beauty shot

American Shorthair Tabby

American Shorthair tabby cat
Click on the above link to see a couple more of Helmi’s fine photographs and a detailed description of what goes on in the making of the tabby coat on the American Shorthair cat.

Comparison with European Shorthair and British Shorthair
This page has a decent and I hope useful look at the differences between the 2 major shorthair cat breeds, the American and Brit SHs and compares them to the European Shorthair cat, a breed that was formally recognized later in the day.

Some cats are heavier than you would have thought, this is one of them. The male weighs 11-15 lbs and the female 8-12lbs (compare the Maine Coon 13-20 lbs for the male). Click on the link to see a thorough comparison of cat breed weights. This is a sedate cat and can it seems put on weight if it is not monitored. Try and give over some time to play time and there are articles about cat food on this site.

On the basis that the poll for the most popular cat breed that is running on this site, is an accurate reflection of the public’s opinion, it is a little surprising that the American Shorthair cat is not in the top ten most popular while the Brit SH is ranked 5th (as at mid 2008). I am not sure where this “anomaly” comes from. Perhaps it is simply this. Most visitors to this website are Americans (thanks for visiting) and all of us have an interest in foreign places and cultures. The Brit SH reflects the British culture. If most of the visitors to the site were Brits the voting would no doubt be different. Update: ASH ranked 8th as at Feb 2010!

The American Shorthair cat is low maintenance4. They are suited to full-time indoor and apartment living and are quiet, laid back and unobtrusive. They are suited to a family environment with children1.

American Shorthair Tiger Mega © copyright Helmi Flick American Shorthair Browny Bear Paws © Helmi Flick

 
American shorthair pictures

Well, the whole page is full of American shorthair pictures so I don’t need to add any under this section. The two above are linked to larger format versions.

American Shorthair – black

Have you seen a black American Shorthair? All I see are great tabby cats like the two above. On the National American Shorthair Cat Club history page all I see are glamorous tabbies. These are the champion cats.


Cat Photography

The following picture gives an impression of what happens at cat shows in order to capture photographs like these. This picture was taken at a TICA cat show in Waxahachie, which is about 50 miles south of Dallas.

American Shorthair cat

Ken and Helmi Flick at work photographing an American Shorthair cat at TICA Waxahachie Cat Show. This cat has a silver tabby coat like Gazer’s above. Photo ©copyright Michael Broad. Read and see lots more on this:-

What Other Visitors Have Said

Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page…

European Shorthair The European Shorthair is a breed of cat that at present (2010) comes third in the trio of nationally named shorthaired cats. The others being the better …

National American Shorthair Club

It seems that the National American Shorthair Club was formed at a time when the American shorthair cat was taking off in popularity. The name of the cat had about ten years earlier been changed to incorporate the word, “American” which created popularity. The club started in 1972. They have some great looking marble patterned silver tabbies on the page about the club’s history. Well, they seem to be silver tabbies but they are black and white photos so it is hard to tell.

american shorthair cat

Photo: © copyright Helmi Flick

References other than stated:

1. Legacy of the Cat by Gloria Stephens and Tetsu

2. Medical, Genetic & Behavioral Aspects of Purebred Cats edited by Ross D. Clark DVM

3. The Book Of the Cat – Wright, Michael and Walters, Sally. Pages 68-69.

4. http://www.cfainc.org

Sources:

  • About.com
  • CFA
  • Breedlist
  • http://en.mimi.hu
  • http://www.ashclub.org
  • Legacy of the Cat by Gloria Stephens

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Comments

American Shorthair Cat — 7 Comments

  1. One of my companions is an alleged American Shorthair . I say “alleged” , as his physique and activities seem to be at odds with the sedate lifestyle associated with this breed (and its relative , the Brit). To wit :
    – His body is stocky and cobby ;
    – ears are thick-skinned ,and are short and rounded ;
    – Big , but slightly Almond-shaped eyes ;
    – Thick , tapered tail ;
    – Plush , dense , soft coat ;
    – rounded Muzzle , with the “smile” ;
    – very , very dog-like (has to be around some-one at all times);
    – quite the athlete (complete with an audible “grumph” when he lands after jumping-off some-thing).

    What’s your opinion ? I realise that you ostensibly can’t see him as I’ve not provided any photos ; however , my description of him is spot-on.

    Thanks !

  2. Pingback: There will be no more new cat breeds | Pictures of Cats

  3. I want to buy a silver American shorthair kitten just for a pet not show. I live in Kentucky. Could you send me the names of some breaders in or close to ky.

    • Here are 2 in Illinois (there are no breeders in KY as far as I can tell). Diane Rogers breeds Classic Silver Tabbies.

      1. Diane Rogers—Illinois, USA
      Cattery: SASH
      I only breed Classic Silver Tabbies. I have had many regional and national winners, but more importantly my cats are known for their gentleness, fun loving and easy going personalities. My males are big, beautiful and can be cradled like babies; the queens have all been excellent mothers and are very affectionate with their kittens as well as with us. When old enough the kittens are allowed out of the kitten room and have the run of the house. We also have 3 dogs, so all the cats are used to the commotion dogs can make. All cat/kittens leaving my home are already spayed or neutered or a time will be set on the contract to have this done. This is for their health and your happiness with your new pet. Please call or email me and I will be glad to discuss why one of my Americans would make a wonderful addition to your family.
      American Shorthair
      2. Barbara Shelton—Illinois, USA
      Cattery: BACASH
      Been breeding and showing classic silver tabbies and rarely blue tabbies since 2000.
      American Shorthair

  4. Thanks for your help with the silver tabby kittens. I just now checked my e-mail. I am going to follow up on the names you gave me., Rosemary in KY

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